Air navigation charges

Published on Wednesday 31 July 2019
Airspace users (commercial airlines and, where applicable, general aviation) are required to pay for air navigation charges, whose purpose is to finance the services provided by the State, in order to ensure the flights’ safety and efficiency. Regarding air control, there are three types of charges.

The Route charge pays for the use of facilities and services operated by the State over French metropolitan territory and its vicinity, for the safety and efficiency of en-route air traffic flows, including the radio-communication services and the meteorological services.
This charge’s amount is calculated, then collected by Eurocontrol on behalf of the 41 states, France included, having contracted the multilateral agreement relating to route charges.
This international framework enforces homogeneous methods of calculation for every member-state. Each flight is characterized by a number of service units, to which unit rates are applied according to the zones overflown. For a given flight, the number of service units is proportional to the distance traveled and function of the maximum take-off weight of the aircraft.

The Terminal navigation charge pays for air navigation services provided in the vicinity of major French metropolitan and overseas aerodromes. It is payable for each departure from an aerodrome subject to this charge. Each departure is characterized by a number of service units, to which a unit rate applies. This rate varies according to tariff zones (there are currently two of them in metropolitan France). For departures, the calculated number of service units depends solely on the maximum take-off weight of the aircraft.

The Oceanic charge pays for the use of overseas facilities and services provided by the State, to ensure the safety and efficiency of en-route air traffic.

TNC at CDG and ORLY

In 2017, DSNA reduced the terminal air navigation charges for Paris-Orly and Paris CDG

Air navigation charges (ANC) are collected in France and overseas territories in order to fund air navigation facilities and services provided to airlines. They include:

  • the route charge (RR);
  • the terminal navigation charge (TNC).

Since 1st January 2017, the TNC for Paris-Orly and Paris-CDG has been significantly reduced

Edouard GAUCI, DSNA head of the air navigation charges and management control department answers our questions.

How did DSNA reduce the terminal navigation charges for the parisian airports?

In metropolitan France 2016 2017 2018
Terminal Navigation Charges rate 226.19€

Orly + CDG : 177,69€ (-21,4%)

Other airports : 222,28€ (-1,7%)

Orly + CDG: 174,62€ (-1.7%)

Other airports: 217.21€ (-2.3%)

Prior to the 1st of January 2017, the TNC rate was the same for all metropolitan aerodromes. Paris Orly and Paris CDG now have a rate that has been reduced by more than 20% thanks to the full allocation of the Civil Aviation Tax to the general civil aviation budget. This represents a 26 million euros annual cost reduction for air carriers operating at Paris-Orly and Paris-CDG airports. This rate reduction was conducted without changing the level of air navigation services provided at these airports.

In the meantime, the TNC unit rate for other airports has been reduced by 1.7%.

Read more about the Aeronautical taxes

Shall DSNA’s capacity to invest for these two platforms be downgraded?

Not at all!
The reallocation of the Civil Aviation Tax to the general civil aviation budget makes it possible to maintain the same level of resources as before, in order to guarantee our clients the same level of service rendered. Financially, this transfer has no impact for DSNA and its investment strategy.

To maintain the competitiveness of its services, DSNA commits, in its technical program, on average, 290 million euros per year during the period 2015-2019 broken-down as follows:

  • 44% for major technical projects which prepare the future;
  • 38% to maintain operational condition of existing installations;
  • 18% for civil engineering.
     

Are similar TNC rate reductions expected for other airports?

DSNA follows a global downward trend with regard to air navigation charges, including TNC for all airports in mainland France. It is achieved by conducting a rationalization plan of its air navigation facilities and controlling its costs.

For example, the implementation of new satellite guided approach procedures for all IFR runway ends allows DSNA to provide maintenance to a minimal network of CAT 1 ILS installed on medium-sized regional airports.

More information : Performance based navigation

This type of initiative makes it possible to control the costs of the service rendered, and hence the unit rates of terminal fees (TNC) in metropolitan France.
 

What do air navigation charges finance in France?

Air navigation charges finance the cost of air navigation services provided to airlines.

Air navigation services include the following activities: air traffic management (ATM), communication, navigation and surveillance (CNS), search and rescue (SAR), aeronautical information and weather observations and forecasts provided by the French met office (Météo France).

The Terminal Navigation Charges (TNC) funds air navigation services within a radius of 20 km around each aerodrome, while beyond that perimeter, air navigation services are financed by the route charge. In 2017and 2018, 58 airports are subject to TNC in metropolitan France and 8 in overseas territories.
The TNC is due for each take-off and takes into account the maximum take-off weight (MTOW) of the concerned aircraft.
The route charge depends on the weight of the aircraft and the distance flown over the territory.

The costs borne by air navigation service providers are many. Air navigation charges cover expenditure in excess of € 1.5 billion.

 

Costs borne by air navigation service providers

Costs borne by air navigation service providers

Afficher la version texte de l'infographie

55% wages

12% operating costs (energy, water, etc.)

10% investments (ATM systems,innovation, etc.)

3% finance charges

20% external costs

The payment terms of the terminal navigation charges in mainland France change for flights performed as from the 1st July 2019 . Please consult the circular just below.

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